Women are the principal agents of food security and household welfare in rural areas. According to The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development’s Gender and Agriculture Sourcebook, “In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. Women play a critical role in agricultural production in developing countries. Particularly in low income countries in which agriculture accounts for an average 32 percent of the growth in gross domestic product (GDP), and in which an average 70 percent of the countries’ poor live and work in rural areas, women make up a substantial majority of the agricultural workforce and produce most of the food that is consumed locally. Yet relative to men, they have less access to productive assets such as land and services such as finance and extension. A variety of constraints impinge upon their ability to participate in collective action as members of agricultural cooperative or water user associations. In both centralized and decentralized governance systems, women tend to lack political voice. Gender inequalities result in less food being grown, less income being earned, and higher levels of poverty and food insecurity. Gender-based inequalities all along the food production chain “from farm to plate” impede the attainment of food and nutritional security. Maximizing the impact of agricultural development on food security entails enhancing women’s roles as agricultural producers as well as the primary caretakers of their families.”
Women Win programme partners are addressing crop productivity, differentiation, urban farming, food security and producing value added products while enabling the economic empowerment of girls and young women.